Through YLC’s Pathways to Higher Education work, we are expanding the number of postsecondary education opportunities available to young people who are currently or have been involved in the juvenile justice system in California.
This innovative work re-imagines higher education as an important habilitation anchor to bring youth back to their communities and offer the opportunities they need to succeed.
Youth want to continue their education and they have the resilience and potential to succeed and lead. We can create the practices, policies and resources so every youth can fulfill their dreams.
Sacramento City College: Re-emerging Scholars Program – Sacramento City College faculty provide 6-week college courses to youth in the juvenile hall, building supportive connections with the youth while they are still in custody to facilitate continuity when they are released and attending courses on campus. Once on campus, these students enter a one-year cohort, taking a variety of general education classes including sociology courses tailored to the unique experiences of re-entry after incarceration. Students also receive check-ins from faculty, staff, and peer mentors to help them troubleshoot challenges and to connect them to services. At the conclusion of the cohort, students will complete the majority of their general education requirements, formed a new, pro-social peer network, completed a paid internship, and gained the personal, professional, and academic skills in order to be successful in their future endeavors.
Riverside City College and UC-Riverside: College Connection – A resource specialist works with high school students in juvenile facilities to identify pathways to higher education and career success, to prepare for the PSAT and SAT, and to complete college and financial aid applications. Youth in custody can attend online Riverside City College courses and receive support to transition smoothly to on-campus studies upon their release. Probation-supervised youth who are not in custody can participate in a summer camp with college courses, tours of the UC-Riverside campus, and conversations with formerly incarcerated college students.
Los Angeles Mission College: College Culture Re-Entry Hub and Partnership with LA County Probation – Los Angeles Mission College (LAMC) serves students in the Barry J. Nidorf Juvenile Hall through a partnership with Los Angeles County Probation. College students at Nidorf have access to both in-person and online instruction, as well as academic counseling and Disabled Student Programs and Services (DSPS). A wide variety of classes are available to students, and staff work to ensure that students are able to achieve their educational goals. In 2019 a student graduated with an associate degree earned entirely through the LAMC-Probation partnership. On campus, the College Culture Re-entry Hub (CCRH) serves as a central point of connection for formerly incarcerated students, offering assistance with enrollment and financial aid, academic counseling, referrals to on-campus services, connections to local housing and food assistance, and a place to find community with students from similar backgrounds. CCRH counselors also facilitate on-site workshops and seminars for students at Nidorf. To learn more about CCRH email: ReEntryHub@lamission.edu.
For more programs, please visit the programs archive.
College of San Mateo, San Mateo, CA
“College has given me a second opportunity to educate myself and to learn about things I am passionate about. By being educated and going to school, I can reach my full potential and find a way forward with my life. That’s so important for me and for my children, too. Going to college is a really big deal, given what I went through being in the juvenile justice system. When I was younger, folks gave up on me, and I gave up on myself. When I was in juvenile hall, girls camp, or group homes, I never thought about pursuing higher education. When I was incarcerated, everything seemed so impossible. Without programs like Project Change, children in halls and camps have no hope or guidance. It’s like game over for them. And yet, kids in juvenile hall have so much knowledge. They are so smart. But because they have no opportunity, they don’t have a chance to use their intelligence which is so heartbreaking and such a waste of time. Education saved me. College is a way for me to show that I can accomplish what I set my mind to and prove people wrong who said I wouldn’t accomplish anything. Knowledge is power. Knowing what is going on around you prepares you to change things you don’t think are right. Going to college expands my thinking and allows me to stand up for people’s rights and to do the advocacy I’m doing now. Through my college education, I am changing my life, and now I can give back to my community and to the people who have helped me through my journey.”
News & Updates
Fact sheets on two juvenile justice education bills signed into law in CA
December 20, 2019 – These fact sheets provide basic information about Senate Bill 716 and Assembly Bill 1354 both signed into law in 2019 and effective on January 1, 2020. The SB 716 fact sheet describes which youth are eligible for online college courses, what programs are available, and who is responsible for providing them. The AB 1354 fact […]
CA Academic Senate passes resolution to include juvenile justice-involved youth in equity plans
November 26, 2019 – Last week, the California Community College State Academic Senate Committee passed a resolution to include youth with juvenile justice involvement in the state’s list of designated populations to be served by community college equity funds. This change means that the Academic Senate Committee supports community colleges including juvenile justice involved youth in their equity plans […]
Breaking News: California Governor signs two YLC-sponsored bills to promote educational opportunity for juvenile justice impacted youth!
October 18, 2019 – Last week, California’s Governor Newsom signed into law two Youth Law Center-sponsored bills, ensuring improved access to education opportunities for youth involved with the juvenile justice system. These policy changes support Youth Law Center’s ongoing work in California to strengthen education opportunities for all system-impacted youth and to build alternatives to youth incarceration. Keep reading for more […]
2019 Pathways from Youth Incarceration to Higher Education Statewide Conference
Thank you to everyone who joined us the for the second annual Creating Pathways from Youth Incarceration to Higher Education statewide conference! Our 200+ conference attendees from 24 California counties included local, state, and federal policy makers, probation and higher education leadership and staff, community based organizations, students, foundations, and more. Participants learned from each other and worked together to find new and innovative ways to better support youth with juvenile justice system involvement reach their highest education goals. Thank you to all of our guests, panelists and presenters, students, our funder The California Wellness Foundation and to our co-hosts Los Angeles Mission College for making this year’s conference an inspiring and successful event!
Stay tuned for upcoming videos and toolkits from the 2019 conference!
CA Assembly Bill 1354 – Fact Sheet
December 2019 – This fact sheet provides basic information about Assembly Bill 1354, signed into law in 2019 and effective on January 1, 2020. The AB 1354 fact sheet describes which youth are eligible for online college courses, what programs are available, and who is responsible for providing them. The fact sheet can help youth and parents understand the programs and supports the youth are entitled to under this new law and can help agency personnel and advocates explain details of the new laws to their colleagues and clients.
CA Senate Bill 716 – Fact Sheet
December 2019 – This fact sheet provides basic information about Senate Bill 716, signed into law in 2019 and effective on January 1, 2020. The SB 716 fact sheet describes which youth are eligible for online college courses, what programs are available, and who is responsible for providing them. The fact sheet can help youth and parents understand the programs and supports the youth are entitled to under this new law and can help agency personnel and advocates explain details of the new laws to their colleagues and clients.
Education Rights & Responsibilities Toolkit for Juvenile Justice System Involved Youth
November 2019 – This toolkit provides education-related information and resources regarding the rights of juvenile justice system involved youth and the responsibilities of system stakeholders. Stakeholders can use the toolkit to understand their obligations in meeting the education needs of youth with juvenile justice system involvement. Parents and advocates can use it to support youths' education-related rights and to hold system stakeholders accountable. The information is organized by each stage of juvenile justice system involvement--detention, transition and release, reentry, community placement, and home supervision.
For more resources, please visit the Education Access section of our Resource Library.
Do students have to have a high school diploma to enroll in community college classes?
In California, community colleges can admit students with high school diplomas or equivalents, students without a high school diploma who are 18 or older, or high school students in dual enrollment programs. Students without high school diplomas do not qualify for federal financial aid, and may need to obtain a diploma or equivalent in order to complete certain majors or to transfer to a four-year school.
High School Diploma
Students can earn their high school diploma by meeting local district requirements. Some students may also be eligible to earn a high school diploma under the California state requirements. Under Ed Code 51225.1, foster youth, probation-involved youth, and homeless youth who transfer schools after their second year of high school may be eligible to graduate with 130 credits, rather than meeting their local district’s graduation requirements; this is often referred to as AB 167/216 graduation. AB 167/216 graduation helps young people who often move between different school districts stay on track to graduate, as credits that count towards graduation in one district may not count towards graduation in another.
Equivalents to High School Diploma
The California Department of Education (CDE) has approved three high school equivalency tests for students 18 or older, or in some cases 17. They are the GED, HiSET, and the TASC. These tests must be taken at official testing sites to be valid. Students who are 16 or older, or younger students who meet specific criteria, can take the California High School Proficiency Exam (CHSPE) to earn an equivalent to a high school diploma.
High school students can enroll in community college through dual enrollment programs. These programs can exist in juvenile halls and camps- several community colleges in California currently offer tuition-free in-person and/or online dual enrollment classes to high school students in juvenile halls, camps, court schools and alternative schools, through partnerships with probation departments and County Offices of Education.
For more FAQ, please click here.
Funded by a grant from The California Wellness Foundation.
Pathways to Higher Education Statewide Steering Committee working together with Youth Law Center: